The art of exploring various security breaches is termed as hacking. Computer hackers have been around for so many years. Since the Internet became widely used in the world, we have started to hear more and more about hacking. Hacking has a lot of meaning depending upon the person's knowledge and his work intentions.
Hacking refers to exploiting system vulnerabilities and compromising security controls to gain unauthorized or inappropriate access to the system. It involves modifying system or application features to achieve a goal outside of the creator's original purpose. Hacking can be used to steal, modify and redistribute intellectual property leading to business loss.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking is the practice of employing computer and network skills in order to assist organizations with testing their network security for possible loopholes and vulnerabilities. Now a days most organizations are hiring hackers to assist them in enhancing their cyber security. An ethical hacker finds the weak points or loopholes in a computer, web applications or network and reports them to the organizations.
Ethical hacking is necessary as it allows to counter attacks from malicious hackers by anticipating methods used by them to break into a system.
To beat a hacker, you need to think like one !!!
Who is Hacker?
Intelligent individuals with excellent computer skills with the ability to create and explore into the computer's software and hardware. For some hackers, hacking is a hobby to see how many computers they can compromise. Their intension can either be to gain knowledge or to poke around to do illegal things. Some to hacking with malicious intent behind their escapades like stealing business data, credit card information, SSN, email passwords, etc.
- Black Hat Hackers: Individuals with extraordinary computing skills, restoring to malicious or destructive activities and are also known as crackers.
- White Hat Hackers: Individuals processing hacker skills and using them for defensive purpose and are also known as security analyst.
- Gray Hat Hackers: Individuals who work both offensively and defensively at various times.
- Suicide Hackers: Individuals who aim to bring down critical infrastructure for a "cause" and are not worried about facing jail or any other kinds of punishment.
- State Sponsored Hackers: Individuals employed by the government to penetrate and gain top secret information and to damage information systems of other government.
- Hacktivists: Individuals who promote a political agenda by hacking, especially by defacing or disabling websites.
Skills Need for an Ethical Hacker
- Has in-depth knowledge of major operating environments such as windows, Unix, Linux.
- Has in-depth knowledge of networking.