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Role of Artificial Intelligence in COVID-19

In this worldwide health crisis, the medical industry is looking for new technologies to monitor and controls the spread of COVID- 19 (Coronavirus) pandemic. AI is one of such technology which can easily track the spread of this virus, identifies the high-risk patients, and is useful in controlling this infection in real-time.

Main applications of Artificial Intelligence in COVID-19 Pandemic

I) Early detection and diagnosis of the infection

AI can quickly analyze irregular symptom and other ‘red flags’ and thus alarm the patients and the healthcare authorities. It helps to provide faster decision making, which is cost-effective. It helps to develop a new diagnosis and management system for the COVID 19 cases, through useful algorithms. AI is helpful in the diagnosis of the infected cases with the help of medical imaging technologies like Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of human body parts.

II) Monitoring the treatment

AI can build an intelligent platform for automatic monitoring and prediction of the spread of this virus. A neural network can also be developed to extract the visual features of this disease, and this would help in proper monitoring and treatment of the affected individuals. It has the capability of providing day-to-day updates of the patients and also to provide solutions to be followed in COVID-19 pandemic.

III) Contact tracing of the individuals

AI can help analyze the level of infection by this virus identifying the clusters and ‘hot spots’ and can successfully do the contact tracing of the individuals and also to monitor them. It can predict the future course of this disease and likely reappearance.

IV) Projection of cases and mortality

This technology can track and forecast the nature of the virus from the available data, social media and media platforms, about the risks of the infection and its likely spread. Further, it can predict the number of positive cases and death in any region. AI can help identify the most vulnerable regions, people and countries and take measures accordingly.

V) Development of drugs and vaccines

AI is used for drug research by analyzing the available data on COVID-19. It is useful for drug delivery design and development. This technology is used in speeding up drug testing in real-time, where standard testing takes plenty of time and hence helps to accelerate this process significantly, which may not be possible by a human. It can help to identify useful drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. It has become a powerful tool for diagnostic test designs and vaccination development. AI helps in developing vaccines and treatments at much of faster rate than usual and is also helpful for clinical trials during the development of the vaccine.

VI) Reducing the workload of healthcare workers

Due to a sudden and massive increase in the numbers of patients during COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare professionals have a very high workload. Here, AI is used to reduce the workload of healthcare workers. It helps in early diagnosis and providing treatment at an early stage using digital approaches and decision science, offers the best training to students and doctors regarding this new disease. AI can impact future patient care and address more potential challenges which reduce the workload of the doctors.

VII) Prevention of the disease

With the help of real-time data analysis, AI can provide updated information which is helpful in the prevention of this disease. It can be used to predict the probable sites of infection, the influx of the virus, need for beds and healthcare professionals during this crisis. AI is helpful for the future virus and diseases prevention, with the help of previous mentored data over data prevalent at different time. It identifies traits, causes and reasons for the spread of infection. In future, this will become an important technology to fight against the other epidemics and pandemics. It can provide a preventive measure and fight against many other diseases. In future, AI will play a vital role in providing more predictive and preventive healthcare.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence is an upcoming and useful tool to identify early infections due to coronavirus and also helps in monitoring the condition of the infected patients. It can significantly improve treatment consistency and decision making by developing useful algorithms. AI is not only helpful in the treatment of COVID-19 infected patients but also for their proper health monitoring. It can track the crisis of COVID-19 at different scales such as medical, molecular and epidemiological applications. It is also helpful to facilitate the research on this virus using analyzing the available data. AI can help in developing proper treatment regimens, prevention strategies, drug and vaccine development.

Considering the present global situation, IoT based smart disease surveillance systems have the potential to be a major breakthrough in efforts to control the current pandemic. With much of the infrastructure itself in place already (i.e. smartphones, wearable technologies, internet access) the role this technology can have in limiting the spread of the epidemic involves only the collection and analysis of data already gathered. The combined role of IoT and related new technologies might shape early recognition of outbreaks and prevent the spread of zoonotic infectious diseases

including the COVID-19, if potential steps are taken to enhance and utilize the data. Smart disease surveillance systems based on IoT would provide simultaneous reporting and monitoring, end-to-end connectivity and affordability, data assortment and analysis, tracking and alerts, as well as options for remote medical assistance to be adopted, to detect and control.

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