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Freeze Panes in MS Excel

If you have a large table of data in Excel, it can be useful to freeze rows or columns. This way you can keep rows or columns visible while scrolling through the rest of the worksheet.

Freeze Top Row

To freeze the top row, execute the following steps.

Step1. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step2. Click Freeze Top Row.

Step3. Scroll down to the rest of the worksheet.

Result: Excel automatically adds a dark grey horizontal line to indicate that the top row is frozen.

Unfreeze Panes

To unlock all rows and columns, execute the following steps.

Step1. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step2. Click Unfreeze Panes.

Freeze First Column

To freeze the first column, execute the following steps.

Step1. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step2. Click Freeze First Column.

Step3. Scroll to the right of the worksheet.

Result: Excel automatically adds a dark grey vertical line to indicate that the first column is frozen.

Freeze Rows

To freeze rows, execute the following steps.

Step1. For example, select row 4.

Step2. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step3. Click Freeze Panes.

Step4. Scroll down to the rest of the worksheet.

Result: All rows above row 4 are frozen. Excel automatically adds a dark grey horizontal line to indicate that the first three rows are frozen.

Freeze Columns

To freeze columns, execute the following steps.

Step1. For example, select column E.

Step2. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step3. Click Freeze Panes.

Step4. Scroll to the right of the worksheet.

Result: All columns to the left of column E are frozen. Excel automatically adds a dark grey vertical line to indicate that the first four columns are frozen.

Freeze Cells

To freeze cells, execute the following steps.

Step1. For example, select cell C3. —

Step2. On the View tab, in the Window group, click Freeze Panes.

Step3. Click Freeze Panes.

Step4. Scroll down and to the right.

Result: The orange region above row 3 and to the left of column C is frozen.

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